Economics and Public Finance

This issue area encompasses budgetary matters such as appropriations, public debt, the budget process, government lending, government accounts and trust funds; monetary policy and inflation; economic development, performance, and economic theory.

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  • [Archived] IN11861|Nonprofit Security Grant Program: Summary and Potential Issues for Congress (CRS)

    1/26/23
  • [Archived] IN12075|Is the United States Experiencing a Wage-Price Spiral? (CRS)

    1/11/23
  • [Archived] IN12076|Recent Trends in Wages and Productivity (CRS)

    1/11/23
  • [Archived] IN12080|Discretionary Appropriations Enacted by Congress for the Federal Judiciary (FY2023) (CRS)

    1/20/23
  • [Archived] IN12081|Why Is the Federal Reserve Operating at a Loss? (CRS)

    1/23/23
  • [Archived] IN12087|Advance Appropriations for the Indian Health Service (IHS) (CRS)

    2/3/23
  • [Archived] IN12089|Federal Regional Commissions: Great Lakes Authority Established and Other Updates (CRS)

    1/31/23
  • A Brief Overview of the Congressional Budget Process (CRS)

    1/10/23
  • Appropriations Status Table: FY1999 to Present (CRS)

    06/05/23
  • Average Wage Growth and Related Economic Trends in 2022 (CRS)

    1/11/23
  • Bank Term Funding Program (BTFP) and Other Federal Reserve Support to Banking System in Turmoil (CRS)

    03/31/23
  • Biden Administration Proposes Temporary Operating Assistance Authority for Larger Transit Agencies (CRS)

    03/31/23
  • Budget Enforcement Procedures: The Senate Pay-As-You-Go (PAYGO) Rule (CRS)

    1/9/23
  • Bureau of Reclamation: FY2024 Budget and Appropriations (CRS)

    03/30/23
  • Changes to House Rules Affecting the Congressional Budget Process Included in H.Res. 5 (118th Congress) (CRS)

    1/12/23
  • Changes to IRS Funding in the Debt Limit Deal (CRS)

    06/06/2023
  • Common Causes of Economic Recession (CRS)

    3/21/2023
  • Comparing DHS Component Funding, FY2023: In Brief (CRS)

    1/10/23
  • Connecting Constituents with Federal Assistance for Businesses (CRS)

    7/11/23
  • Consol-Type Perpetual Bonds and the Debt Limit: In Brief (CRS)

    7/31/23
  • Debating the Public Debt Clause (CRS)

    06/01/23
  • Debt Limit Policy Questions: How Long Do Extraordinary Measures Last? (CRS)

    4/24/2023
  • Debt Limit Policy Questions: What Are Extraordinary Measures? (CRS)

    05/02/23
  • Debt Limit Suspensions (CRS)

    05/22/23
  • Department of State, Foreign Operations, and Related Programs (SFOPS) Supplemental Funding for Ukraine: In Brief (CRS)

    1/4/23
  • Department of State, Foreign Operations, and Related Programs: FY2023 Budget and Appropriations (CRS)

    1/23/23
  • Discretionary Spending Caps in the Fiscal Responsibility Act of 2023 (CRS)

    06/01/23
  • DOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy FY2023 Appropriations (CRS)

    1/27/23
  • Dynamic Scoring in the Congressional Budget Process (CRS)

    03/06/23
  • Economic Development Administration Announces Phase 1 of New Tech Hubs Program (CRS)

    06/01/23
  • Economic Development Administration: An Overview of Programs and Appropriations (FY2011-FY2023) (CRS)

    4/21/23
  • Economic Forecasts and Projections: Fact Sheet (CRS)

    02/15/23
  • Enforceable Spending Allocations in the Congressional Budget Process: 302(a)s and 302(b)s (CRS)

    1/18/23
  • Expiration and Cancellation of Unobligated Funds (CRS)

    02/15/23
  • Farm Bill Primer: Budget Dynamics (CRS)

    2/22/23
  • Farm Bill Primer: What Is the Farm Bill? (CRS)

    2/22/23
  • Federal Credit Assistance and Grant Programs for Rural Businesses: In Brief (CRS)

    2/27/2023
  • Federal Economic Development Resources for Food Businesses and Systems: In Brief (CRS)

    1/13/23
  • Federal Regional Commissions and Authorities: Administrative Expenses (CRS)

    2/1/23
  • Federal Regional Commissions and Authorities: Overview of Structure and Activities (CRS)

    03/06/23
  • Federal Regional Commissions and Authorities: Structural Features and Function (CRS)

    4/7/2023
  • Federal Research and Development (R&D) Funding: FY2024 (CRS)

    05/19/23
  • Federal Student Loan Debt Relief in the Context of COVID-19 (CRS)

    05/30/23
  • FY2023 District of Columbia Budget and Appropriations (CRS)

    3/27/2023
  • FY2024 Agriculture Appropriations: Status and Scope (CRS)

    05/09/2023
  • FY2024 Budget Request for the Military Health System (CRS)

    4/10/2023
  • FY2024 Defense Budget Request: Space-based Satellite Programs (CRS)

    06/13/2023
  • Grants Work in a Congressional Office (CRS)

    04/06/23
  • House Rule XXI, Clause 10: The CUTGO Rule (CRS)

    05/09/2023
  • Information Technology Spending in the President’s Budget Submission for FY2024: In Brief (CRS)

    04/06/23
  • Interagency Working Group (IWG) on Coal and Power Plant Communities and Economic Revitalization (CRS)

    1/17/23
  • Internal Revenue Service Appropriations, FY2023 (CRS)

    4/10/2023
  • Internal Revenue Service Appropriations, FY2024 (CRS)

    6/30/23
  • Introduction to the Federal Budget Process (CRS)

    1/10/23
  • Introduction to U.S. Economy: GDP and Economic Growth (CRS)

    1/5/23
  • Introduction to U.S. Economy: Housing Market (CRS)

    1/3/23
  • Introduction to U.S. Economy: Inflation (CRS)

    1/5/23
  • Introduction to U.S. Economy: Monetary Policy (CRS)

    1/9/23
  • Introduction to U.S. Economy: Productivity (CRS)

    1/3/23
  • Introduction to U.S. Economy: The Business Cycle and Growth (CRS)

    1/3/23
  • Judiciary Budget Request, FY2024 (CRS)

    3/20/2023
  • Legislative Branch Appropriations: Frequently Asked Questions (CRS)

    04/18/2023
  • Legislative Branch: FY2023 Appropriations (CRS)

    3/13/2023
  • Legislative Branch: FY2024 Appropriations (CRS)

    7/12/23
  • Lenders of Next-to-Last and Last Resort: In Competition? (CRS)

    5/8/2023
  • Multifamily Housing Finance and Selected Policy Issues (CRS)

    3/8/2023
  • National Foundation on the Arts and Humanities: FY2023 Appropriations (CRS)

    06/13/2023
  • National Park Service: FY2023 Appropriations (CRS)

    6/26/2023
  • National Park Service: FY2024 Appropriations (CRS)

    6/26/2023
  • Navy Virginia (SSN-774) Class Attack Submarine Procurement: Background and Issues for Congress (CRS)

    03/28/23
  • Points of Order in the Congressional Budget Process (CRS)

    2/8/23
  • Potential Causes of Delayed Disbursements of Supplemental Grant Funding (CRS)

    1/4/23
  • Preventing Improper Payments: Lessons from Using Data Matching in Pandemic Relief Program Oversight (CRS)

    2/27/2023
  • Public Health Funding and the Fiscal Responsibility Act of 2023 (CRS)

    7/31/23
  • Regional Innovation: Federal Programs and Issues for Consideration (CRS)

    4/3/2023
  • Rural Definitions Used for Eligibility Requirements in USDA Rural Development Programs (CRS)

    04/19/23
  • Silicon Valley Bank, Signature Bank, and P.L. 115-174: Part 1 (Background and Policy Options) (CRS)

    03/28/23
  • Silicon Valley Bank, Signature Bank, and P.L. 115-174: Part 2 (Issues Surrounding Their Failures) (CRS)

    03/28/23
  • Strong Dollar: Implications for U.S. Economy (CRS)

    2/6/23
  • Structure of Federal Debt and Extraordinary Measures (CRS)

    04/25/2023
  • Student Loan Cancellation Under the HEROES Act (CRS)

    4/14/23
  • Supreme Court Invalidates Student Loan Cancellation Policy Under the HEROES Act (CRS)

    7/5/23
  • The 1% Excise Tax on Stock Repurchases (Buybacks) (CRS)

    02/15/23
  • The Appropriations Process: A Brief Overview (CRS)

    05/17/23
  • The Biden Administration’s One-Time Student Loan Debt Relief Policy (CRS)

    4/5/2023
  • The Biden Administration’s One-Time Student Loan Debt Relief Policy under the HEROES Act of 2003 (CRS)

    7/10/2023
  • The Debt Limit (CRS)

    05/02/23
  • The Executive Budget Process Timeline: In Brief (CRS)

    3/20/2023
  • The FERS Cost-of-Living-Adjustment (COLA) and the Equal COLA Act (H.R. 866) (CRS)

    3/21/2023
  • The FRA’s Discretionary Spending Caps Under a CR: FAQs (CRS)

    6/23/23
  • The Holman Rule (House Rule XXI, Clause 2(b)) (CRS)

    1/10/23
  • The Internal Revenue Service’s Strategic Operating Plan to Spend $79 Billion in Inflation Reduction Act Funding (CRS)

    05/02/23
  • The SBA’s Small Business Development Centers Program (CRS)

    05/19/23
  • The Secure Rural Schools and Community Self-Determination Act: Background and Issues (CRS)

    06/06/2023
  • The U.S. Geological Survey (USGS): Background and FY2024 Appropriations (CRS)

    03/24/23
  • The Unemployment Trust Fund (UTF): State Insolvency and Federal Loans to States (CRS)

    1/13/23
  • Transfer and Reprogramming of Appropriations: An Overview (CRS)

    6/20/23
  • U.S. Army Corps of Engineers: FY2024 Appropriations (CRS)

    4/3/2023
  • U.S. Army Corps of Engineers: Supplemental Appropriations (CRS)

    1/10/23
  • U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Water Infrastructure Programs and FY2023 Appropriations (CRS)

    1/13/23
  • U.S. Foreign Assistance to Latin America and the Caribbean: FY2023 Appropriations (CRS)

    1/6/23
  • U.S. Geological Survey (USGS): Supplemental Appropriations (CRS)

    1/9/23
  • U.S. Global Health Funding: FY2020-FY2023 Appropriations (CRS)

    1/4/23
  • U.S.-EU Trade and Economic Relations (CRS)

    06/09/23
  • Unemployment Insurance Overpayment and Fraud Recovery (CRS)

    3/24/2023
  • Venture Capital Operations and Regulation (CRS)

    05/25/23
  • What Is Place-Based Economic Development? (CRS)

    05/24/23
  • What Is the Farm Bill? (CRS)

    2/22/23
  • Will Inflation Continue to Fall? (CRS)

    2/7/23
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