International Affairs

This issue area encompasses foreign aid, human rights, international law and organizations; national governance; arms control; diplomacy and foreign officials; alliances and collective security. Trade agreements, tariffs, foreign investments, and foreign loans may fall under Foreign Trade and International Finance.

Resources

  • Uncategorized
  • Niger: In Focus (CRS)

    7/31/23
  • Legislation
  • Arab-Israeli Relations

  • Arms Control and Nonproliferation

  • Collective Security

  • Conflicts and Wars

  • Diplomacy, Foreign Officials, Americans Abroad

  • Foreign Aid and International Relief

  • Foreign Property

  • General Foreign Operations Matters

  • Human Rights

  • International Exchange and Broadcasting

  • International Finance and Foreign Exchange

  • International Law and Treaties

  • International Organizations and Cooperation

  • Militias and Paramilitary Groups

  • Multilateral Development Programs

  • Palestinians

  • Reconstruction and Stabilization

  • Rule of Law and Government Transparency

  • Sanctions

  • Sovereignty, Recognition, National Governance and Status

  • War Crimes, Genocide, Crimes Against Humanity

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  • “Made in China 2025” Industrial Policies: Issues for Congress (CRS)

    3/10/2023
  • [Archived] IN12071|Israel: Netanyahu’s Return to Power and New Coalition Partners (CRS)

    1/9/23
  • [Archived] IN12084|2023 North American Leaders’ Summit: Issues for the 118th Congress (CRS)

    1/31/23
  • Afghanistan: Background and U.S. Policy (CRS)

    02/28/23
  • Argentina: An Overview (CRS)

    04/06/23
  • Arms Control and Nonproliferation: A Catalog of Treaties and Agreements (CRS)

    7/11/23
  • Asylum Process in Immigration Courts and Selected Trends (CRS)

    4/12/2023
  • Australia: Background and U.S. Relations (CRS)

    1/5/23
  • Burma: Background and U.S. Relations (CRS)

    02/21/2023
  • Cambodia (CRS)

    05/23/23
  • Caribbean Basin Security Initiative (CRS)

    4/28/23
  • Central American Migration: Root Causes and U.S. Policy (CRS)

    7/10/2023
  • Central Asia: Implications of Russia’s War in Ukraine (CRS)

    06/09/23
  • Chile: An Overview (CRS)

    6/15/23
  • China Naval Modernization: Implications for U.S. Navy Capabilities—Background and Issues for Congress (CRS)

    05/15/23
  • China Primer: Human Rights (CRS)

    1/6/23
  • China Primer: U.S.-China Relations (CRS)

    2/2/23
  • China Primer: Uyghurs (CRS)

    1/6/23
  • China-Russia Relations (CRS)

    02/24/23
  • China’s Engagement with Latin America and the Caribbean (CRS)

    6/23/23
  • China’s Global Investments: Data and Transparency Challenges (CRS)

    1/3/23
  • Chinese Nuclear and Missile Proliferation (CRS)

    2/1/23
  • Colombia: Issues for the 118th Congress (CRS)

    6/14/23
  • Coup-Related Restrictions in U.S. Foreign Aid Appropriations (CRS)

    3/16/2023
  • Critical Minerals: A U.S.-EU Free Trade Agreement? (CRS)

    4/14/23
  • Department of State, Foreign Operations, and Related Programs (SFOPS) Supplemental Funding for Ukraine: In Brief (CRS)

    1/4/23
  • Department of State, Foreign Operations, and Related Programs Appropriations: A Guide to Component Accounts (CRS)

    05/09/2023
  • Department of State, Foreign Operations, and Related Programs: FY2023 Budget and Appropriations (CRS)

    1/23/23
  • Department of State, Foreign Operations, and Related Programs: FY2024 Budget and Appropriations (CRS)

    05/26/23
  • Dominican Republic (CRS)

    4/28/23
  • Ejiao and the Donkey Hide Trade (CRS)

    03/03/23
  • Foreign Agents Registration Act (FARA): A Legal Overview (CRS)

    03/09/23
  • Foreign Assistance Act of 1961: Authorizations and Corresponding Appropriations (CRS)

    1/18/23
  • Foreign Leaders Addressing Congress (CRS)

    5/1/23
  • Foreign Relations Reauthorization: Background and Issues (CRS)

    1/31/23
  • Ghana: Overview and U.S. Policy (CRS)

    4/17/2023
  • Global Food Security: Selected Multilateral Efforts (CRS)

    6/21/2023
  • Global Human Rights: International Religious Freedom Policy (CRS)

    4/10/2023
  • Global Human Rights: The Department of State’s Country Reports on Human Rights Practices (CRS)

    4/10/2023
  • Global Women’s Issues: Background and Selected U.S. Efforts (CRS)

    2/17/2023
  • Guatemala: 2023 Elections and U.S. Interests (CRS)

    06/16/23
  • Guatemala: An Overview (CRS)

    03/06/23
  • Guyana: An Overview (CRS)

    05/15/23
  • Haiti: Recent Developments and U.S. Policy (CRS)

    06/05/23
  • Hong Kong Economic and Trade Offices (CRS)

    1/20/23
  • India-U.S. Relations: Issues for Congress (CRS)

    06/16/23
  • India-U.S.: Major Arms Transfers and Military Exercises (CRS)

    6/29/23
  • India: Human Rights Assessments (CRS)

    6/15/23
  • India’s Domestic Political Setting (CRS)

    06/01/23
  • Indo-Pacific Economic Framework for Prosperity (IPEF) (CRS)

    4/4/2023
  • Indonesia (CRS)

    04/13/23
  • Indonesia: GHG Emissions and Climate Change Policy (CRS)

    1/6/23
  • International Law and Agreements: Their Effect upon U.S. Law (CRS)

    7/13/23
  • Iran and Nuclear Weapons Production (CRS)

    4/14/23
  • Iran: Background and U.S. Policy (CRS)

    03/23/23
  • Israel: Major Issues and U.S. Relations (CRS)

    3/27/2023
  • Japan-U.S. Relations: Issues for Congress (CRS)

    1/6/23
  • Jordan: Background and U.S. Relations (CRS)

    6/23/23
  • Justice for United States Victims of State Sponsored Terrorism Act: Eligibility and Funding (CRS)

    04/11/2023
  • Kazakhstan (CRS)

    1/11/23
  • Kuwait: Issues for the 118th Congress (CRS)

    3/21/2023
  • Large Unmanned Aerial System (UAS) Transfer to Ukraine: Issues for Congress (CRS)

    03/01/23
  • Latin America and the Caribbean: Fact Sheet on Leaders and Elections (CRS)

    02/24/23
  • Latin America and the Caribbean: Issues for the 118th Congress (CRS)

    2/8/23
  • Lebanese Hezbollah (CRS)

    1/11/23
  • Lebanon (CRS)

    03/29/23
  • Lebanon: Background and U.S. Relations (CRS)

    05/19/23
  • Libya and U.S. Policy (CRS)

    03/07/23
  • Mexico: Background and U.S. Relations (CRS)

    05/10/23
  • Mexico’s Immigration Control Efforts (CRS)

    3/13/2023
  • Middle East and North Africa-China Relations (CRS)

    03/23/23
  • Middle East and North Africa: Implications of the Russia-Ukraine War (CRS)

    06/02/23
  • NATO: Finland Joins as Sweden’s Accession Faces Delay (CRS)

    4/7/2023
  • NATO’s 2023 Vilnius Summit (CRS)

    7/20/23
  • New Zealand (CRS)

    02/21/2023
  • New Zealand-U.S. Relations (CRS)

    6/28/23
  • Nicaragua (CRS)

    4/5/2023
  • North Korea: Legislative Basis for U.S. Economic Sanctions (CRS)

    5/31/23
  • North Korea’s Nuclear Weapons and Missile Programs (CRS)

    4/14/23
  • Northern Ireland: The Peace Process, Ongoing Challenges, and U.S. Interests (CRS)

    03/09/23
  • Oman: Politics, Security, and U.S. Policy (CRS)

    03/02/23
  • Pakistan and Pakistan-U.S. Relations (CRS)

    05/22/23
  • Panama: An Overview (CRS)

    05/17/23
  • Paraguay: An Overview (CRS)

    05/26/23
  • PATRIOT Air and Missile Defense System for Ukraine (CRS)

    1/18/23
  • Peru: Country Overview and U.S. Relations (CRS)

    4/4/2023
  • Poland: Background and U.S. Relations (CRS)

    03/06/23
  • Presidential Election in Nigeria (CRS)

    2/16/23
  • Previewing NATO’s 2023 Vilnius Summit (CRS)

    7/5/23
  • Qatar: Issues for the 118th Congress (CRS)

    3/10/2023
  • Reauthorization of Title VII of the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act (CRS)

    03/17/23
  • Restricting TikTok (Part II): Legislative Proposals and Considerations for Congress (CRS)

    03/28/23
  • Russia’s 2022 Invasion of Ukraine: Related CRS Products (CRS)

    2/22/23
  • Russia’s Trade and Investment Role in the Global Economy (CRS)

    1/17/23
  • Russia’s Wagner Group in Africa: Issues for Congress (CRS)

    04/26/23
  • Russia’s Wagner Private Military Company (PMC) (CRS)

    3/13/2023
  • Russia’s War Against Ukraine: European Union Responses and U.S.-EU Relations (CRS)

    03/30/23
  • Russia’s War on Ukraine: Financial and Trade Sanctions (CRS)

    2/22/23
  • Russia’s War on Ukraine: U.S. Policy and the Role of Congress (CRS)

    1/30/23
  • Saudi Arabia (CRS)

    3/10/2023
  • Semiconductors and the CHIPS Act: The Global Context (CRS)

    05/18/23
  • Snap Parliamentary Elections in Kazakhstan: Outlook and Issues for Congress (CRS)

    4/14/23
  • South Africa-Russia Ties: A U.S. Response? (CRS)

    6/27/23
  • South Korea: Background and U.S. Relations (CRS)

    04/06/23
  • Sovereign Debt Concerns in Developing Countries (CRS)

    02/21/2023
  • Sri Lanka (CRS)

    02/23/23
  • Status of FY2023 Labor, Health and Human Services, and Education Appropriations: In Brief (CRS)

    4/27/23
  • Supreme Court Considers Whether the United States Can Prosecute a Foreign-State-Owned Bank (CRS)

    03/06/23
  • Syria and U.S. Policy (CRS)

    02/24/23
  • Taiwan Presidents’ U.S. Transit Visits (CRS)

    04/06/23
  • Taiwan: Political and Security Issues (CRS)

    04/26/23
  • Tajikistan (CRS)

    1/12/23
  • Thailand: Background and U.S. Relations (CRS)

    7/19/23
  • The “Quad”: Cooperation Among the United States, Japan, India, and Australia (CRS)

    1/30/23
  • The European Parliament and U.S. Interests (CRS)

    06/09/23
  • The European Union and China (CRS)

    06/02/23
  • The European Union: Questions and Answers (CRS)

    2/6/23
  • The Middle East, North Africa, and Afghanistan: Selected Issues for the 118th Congress (CRS)

    1/27/23
  • The National Cybersecurity Strategy-Going Where No Strategy Has Gone Before (CRS)

    3/8/2023
  • The Nordic Countries and U.S. Relations (CRS)

    4/28/23
  • The Palestinians: Overview, Aid, and U.S. Policy Issues (CRS)

    05/24/23
  • The Philippines (CRS)

    3/21/2023
  • The Role of International Tribunals in the Response to the Invasion of Ukraine (CRS)

    3/22/23
  • The United Arab Emirates (UAE): Issues for U.S. Policy (CRS)

    1/30/23
  • Transferring Fighter Aircraft to Ukraine: Issues and Options for Congress (CRS)

    03/17/23
  • Trinidad and Tobago (CRS)

    6/29/23
  • Turkey (Türkiye)-U.S. Relations: Timeline and Brief Historical Context (CRS)

    1/12/23
  • Turkey (Türkiye): Background and U.S. Relations (CRS)

    1/9/23
  • Turkey (Türkiye): Major Issues and U.S. Relations (CRS)

    02/15/23
  • Turkey (Türkiye): Major Issues, May 2023 Election Results, and U.S. Relations (CRS)

    06/06/2023
  • Turkey (Türkiye): Major Issues, May 2023 Elections, and U.S. Relations (CRS)

    05/03/23
  • Turkey (Türkiye): Possible U.S. F-16 Sale (CRS)

    2/16/23
  • Turkey (Türkiye): Possible U.S. Sale of F-16 Aircraft (CRS)

    05/09/2023
  • Turkmenistan (CRS)

    1/12/23
  • U.S. Agency for International Development: An Overview (CRS)

    1/3/23
  • U.S. Arms Sales and Human Rights: Legislative Basis and Frequently Asked Questions (CRS)

    4/7/2023
  • U.S. Direct Financial Support for Ukraine (CRS)

    1/25/23
  • U.S. Foreign Aid to Israel (CRS)

    03/01/23
  • U.S. Foreign Assistance to Latin America and the Caribbean: FY2023 Appropriations (CRS)

    1/6/23
  • U.S. Government Procurement and International Trade (CRS)

    1/10/23
  • U.S. Intelligence Community Establishment Provisions (CRS)

    02/28/23
  • U.S. International Climate Finance: A Primer (CRS)

    4/24/2023
  • U.S. International Climate Finance: FY2024 (CRS)

    4/24/2023
  • U.S. Sanctions on Iran (CRS)

    7/20/23
  • U.S. Security Assistance to Ukraine (CRS)

    2/27/2023
  • U.S.-European Relations in the 118th Congress (CRS)

    2/6/23
  • U.S.-Japan Critical Minerals Agreement (CRS)

    4/28/23
  • U.S.-Japan Relations (CRS)

    05/15/23
  • U.S.-North Korea Relations (CRS)

    4/24/2023
  • U.S.-Singapore Relations (CRS)

    4/5/2023
  • U.S.-Vietnam Relations (CRS)

    05/11/23
  • Uganda (CRS)

    6/28/23
  • Ukraine and International Financial Institutions (CRS)

    1/4/23
  • Ukrainian Military Performance and Outlook (CRS)

    06/05/23
  • United Nations Issues: Overview of the United Nations System (CRS)

    04/26/23
  • United Nations Issues: U.S. Funding of U.N. Peacekeeping (CRS)

    04/26/23
  • United Nations Issues: U.S. Funding to the U.N. System (CRS)

    04/26/23
  • Uruguay: An Overview (CRS)

    4/17/2023
  • Uzbekistan (CRS)

    1/10/23
  • Venezuela: Issues for the 118th Congress (CRS)

    2/17/2023
  • Venezuela: Political Crisis and U.S. Policy (CRS)

    3/27/2023
  • Venezuela’s Natural Gas: Questions Endure (CRS)

    7/7/23
  • Wagner Group Mutiny in Russia (CRS)

    6/28/23
  • War Crimes: A Primer (CRS)

    03/30/23
  • What Is “Political Warfare”? (CRS)

    1/9/23
  • Women, Peace, and Security: Global Context and U.S. Policy (CRS)

    3/15/2023
  • WTO Agreement on Government Procurement (GPA) (CRS)

    7/11/23
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