Labor and Employment

This issue area encompasses hiring and composition of the workforce, wages and benefits, labor-management relations; occupational safety, personnel management, unemployment compensation. Public-sector employment may fall under Government Operations and Politics.

Resources

  • Legislation
  • Employee Benefits and Pensions

  • Employee Hiring

  • Employee Leave

  • Employee Performance

  • Employment and Training Programs

  • Employment Discrimination and Employee Rights

  • Labor Standards

  • Labor-Management Relations

  • Migrant, Seasonal, Agricultural Labor

  • Minority Employment

  • Personnel Records

  • Self-Employed

  • Temporary and Part-Time Employment

  • Unemployment

  • Wages and Earnings

  • Women’s Employment

  • Worker Safety and Health

  • Youth Employment and Child Labor

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  • [Archived] IN12075|Is the United States Experiencing a Wage-Price Spiral? (CRS)

    1/11/23
  • [Archived] IN12076|Recent Trends in Wages and Productivity (CRS)

    1/11/23
  • A Brief Examination of Union Membership Data (CRS)

    06/16/23
  • A Comparison of Selected Official Wage Measures (CRS)

    1/11/23
  • An Overview of the Pension Benefit Guaranty Corporation (PBGC) (CRS)

    2/7/23
  • Average Wage Growth and Related Economic Trends in 2022 (CRS)

    1/11/23
  • Compilation of Federal Whistleblower Protection Statutes (CRS)

    2/6/23
  • Data in Brief: Funding Status of Multiemployer Defined Benefit Pension Plans (CRS)

    4/20/23
  • Data on State and Local Public Sector Employment Not Covered Under Social Security (CRS)

    4/4/2023
  • Department of Labor Guidance and Regulations on Selecting Private-Sector Pension Plan Investments (CRS)

    3/27/2023
  • Department of Labor Guidance and Regulations on the Exercise of Shareholder Rights by Private-Sector Pension Plans (CRS)

    3/27/2023
  • Education Requirements and Skills-Based Assessments in Federal Hiring (CRS)

    03/06/23
  • Equal Protection: Strict Scrutiny of Racial Classifications (CRS)

    4/27/23
  • Foreign Government Employment by Armed Services Retirees (CRS)

    1/5/23
  • Funding the State Administration of Unemployment Compensation (UC) Benefits (CRS)

    06/02/23
  • Groff v. DeJoy: Supreme Court Clarifies Employment Protections for Religious Workers (CRS)

    7/5/23
  • Internships in Congressional Offices: Frequently Asked Questions (CRS)

    05/04/23
  • Labor Enforcement Issues in U.S. FTAs (CRS)

    03/23/23
  • Ninth Circuit Rules That Federal Arbitration Act Preempts California’s Ban on Employer-Mandated Arbitration Agreements (CRS)

    2/27/2023
  • NLRB Reinstates “Overwhelming Community of Interest” Collective Bargaining Unit Standard (CRS)

    05/15/23
  • Offshore Energy: Vessel and Crew Nationality Requirements (CRS)

    05/25/23
  • Pension Benefit Guaranty Corporation (PBGC): A Primer (CRS)

    2/7/23
  • Pregnancy and Labor: An Overview of Federal Laws Protecting Pregnant Workers (CRS)

    7/3/23
  • Railroad Retirement Board: Retirement, Survivor, Disability, Unemployment, and Sickness Benefits (CRS)

    02/28/23
  • Reasonable Accommodations for Employees with Disabilities (CRS)

    03/30/23
  • SBA COVID-19 EIDL Financial Relief: Policy Options and Considerations (CRS)

    04/18/2023
  • Single-Employer Defined Benefit Pension Plans: Funding Relief and Modifications to Funding Rules (CRS)

    05/18/23
  • State Minimum Wages: An Overview (CRS)

    03/02/23
  • Status of FY2023 Labor, Health and Human Services, and Education Appropriations: In Brief (CRS)

    4/27/23
  • Supreme Court Considers Preemption Under the National Labor Relations Act (CRS)

    2/7/23
  • Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) and Work Requirements (CRS)

    04/25/2023
  • The 45F Tax Credit for Employer-Provided Child Care (CRS)

    4/12/2023
  • The Black Lung Program, the Black Lung Disability Trust Fund, and the Excise Tax on Coal (CRS)

    2/7/23
  • The Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA): An Overview (CRS)

    3/8/2023
  • The Federal Employee Paid Parental Leave Benefit (CRS)

    06/05/23
  • The Federal Employees’ Compensation Act (FECA): Workers’ Compensation for Federal Employees (CRS)

    3/16/2023
  • The Fundamentals of Unemployment Compensation (CRS)

    04/18/2023
  • The Railway Labor Act and Congressional Action (CRS)

    03/30/23
  • The Self-Employment Assistance (SEA) Program (CRS)

    4/4/2023
  • The Unemployment Trust Fund (UTF): State Insolvency and Federal Loans to States (CRS)

    1/13/23
  • Trade Adjustment Assistance for Firms (CRS)

    06/16/23
  • Trade Adjustment Assistance for Workers: Background and Current Status (CRS)

    7/19/23
  • Unemployment Insurance Fraud: Background and Recent Data (CRS)

    02/24/23
  • Unemployment Insurance Overpayment and Fraud Recovery (CRS)

    3/24/2023
  • Unemployment Insurance Overpayment and Fraud Recovery and H.R. 1163 (CRS)

    05/11/23
  • Unemployment Insurance: Legislative Issues in the 117th Congress, Second Session (CRS)

    1/20/23
  • Unemployment Insurance: Legislative Issues in the 118th Congress (CRS)

    05/24/23
  • USMCA: Labor Provisions (CRS)

    1/12/23
  • Worker Rights Provisions in Free Trade Agreements (FTAs) (CRS)

    3/10/2023
  • Workforce and Labor Policy: Resources for Congressional Offices (CRS)

    5/30/23
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